Goa

… industrial visit can be very amazing for students. There is numerous manufacturing units like … and many more industries there.Goa industrial visit can be very amazing for students. There is numerous manufacturing units like and many more industries there. Goa is India’s smallest state by area and the fourth smallest by population. Located in West India in the region known as the Konkan, it is bounded by the state of Maharashtra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian Sea forms its western coast

BEACHES IN NORTHERN GOA

Anjuna beach

Anjuna beach is a favorite haunt of the hippies who used to organize the famous rave beach parties. It was in the late 1950s to mid-1960s that hippies started visiting Anjuna beach and since then popularized the wild rave parties with trance music which have now become the characteristic features of Goan beaches. Anjuna Beach is also an ideal place for full-moon parties held especially during Christmas and New Year. Tourists love enjoying the blissful atmosphere of the luminous full-moon casting a spell and the soft foamy waves kissing their feet.

Arambol Beach

Arambol Beach One of the most charming beaches of Goa, Arambol Beach is located about 50 km north of Panaji. Situated in the quiet and friendly Arambol village, Arambol beach is a nature lover’s dream destination with expansive coastal stretch and an unspoilt feel to it. The beach is a long stretch of golden sands interspersed with rocky cliffs. There are two beaches in Arambol, the main and more popular one being the Harmal beach, which is the northernmost beach in Goa. The second beach, which can only be reached on foot, is more picturesque and surrounded by steep cliffs on both sides.

Baga Beach

One of Goa’s top party beaches, Baga is known for its hopping “shack life.” The many popular food and drink joints are headlined by St. Anthony’s for seafood and the legendary Tito’s Bar and Café Mambo for nighttime revelry. The many water sports here include parasailing, windsurfing, and Jet Ski rides

Calangute

Famous in the region as “Queen of the Beaches,” calangute beach boasts through its presence in north-east from state capital Panaji at mere 15 kilometers. It is said that calangute beach goa remains largest one in the northern region. As stories go on, hippies had discovered this beach during the 60’s so is it famous since then. Locals and tourists find here a true replica of Goan beach culture so its popularity is unbound indeed.
Tourists from the Western countries and hippies find calangute beach an ultimate place to spend great time through splendid beach experience.

Candolim Beach

Fifteen kilometers from Panjim, the Goan capital, is Candolim beach in north Goa. Beginning at Fort Aguada and merging with Calangute beach towards the end, it is one of the longest beaches in the state and is located in the Bardez taluka. The beach in itself is very calm and peaceful, at times tourists come here from Rajneesh Ashram in Pune to take a break. What adds to the scenic beauty of the sand and sea are the scrub covered dunes at the back of the beach quite popular with tourists

Chapora Beach

Chapora Beach is a coastal village at Chapora River estuary lying alongside a beach stretch in North Goa that is around 10 km. from Mapusa, a City in Northern Goa. It is close to Chapora Fort, an old Portuguese fort. Chapora is also close to a trawler-fishing jetty. Chapora is home to many cheapest travel accommodation houses found in entire Northern Goa. There is a famous Ganesh fruit juice center in Chapora selling organic juices and gathering people from around

Dona Paula

Dona Paula Beach is nestled on the southern side of the rocky hammer-shaped headlands that divide the Zuari and Mandovi estuaries. It provides a good view of the Mormugao harbor and this beach is fringed by palm trees and casuarinas groves. Some of the place of interest in Dona Paula is the National Oceanography Institute and Caba Raj Niwas. The major attraction of the National Oceanography institute is its Marine Biology Museum and Taxonomy Reference Center. This institute not only delves upon marine biology but incorporates all the major branches of coastal and marine oceanography. The Cabo Raj Niwas is half a kilometer away from the National Oceanography Institute. It houses the tomb of Dona Paula de Menzes in the Cabo Chapel.

Miramar Beach

Miramar Beach is situated 3 kms from Panaji in North Goa. A lovely golden beach of soft sand girdled with palm trees facing the blue Arabian Sea, is the nearest to Panaji. Miramar is an urban beach where the Mandovi River meets the Arabian Sea. It is not a safe beach to swim as there is a strong undercurrent.

Morjim beach

Morjim beach is an isolated beach situated on the north side of the mouth of Chapora river estuary. It can be viewed from the Chapora fort as a beach that has stretches of empty sand with a lot of palms and casuarinas trees in the background. The beach is also recommended for viewing sea birds.

BEACHES IN SOUTHERN GOA

Agonda

Agonda beach in Goa is perfect for people looking for an exciting time in the water. The cool breeze and warm summer sun can definitely relieve you of the stress brought by the daily grind.
Agonda beach is a long and lonely, fringed with palms and casuarinas and dominated by a large hill to the south. If a person is looking for some quiet moments, Agonda beach is the place to be.
This beach is special because you will find absolutely no tourists, no souvenir stalls, no restaurants, nothing just the trees, the beach, the beautiful ocean and you.

Goa Benaulim

Goa Benaulim beach is a very quiet beach. Benaulim beach in Goa starts where Colva beach ends. The best thing about Goa Benaulim beach is that it is still rather undiscovered by domestic tourists even though it is a famous beach for fishing.
At Goa Benaulim beach, one can just laze the day off soaking in the sun. Benaulim beach at Goa gives you the pleasure and satisfaction of being in Goa.

Bogmalo beach

green hills on its three sides and lined with coconut trees.

This sandy beach is one of the least crowded beaches and is quite picturesque. It is only half a kilometer long, but if you are staying in Vasco it is ideal for spending an evening.

Canaguinim beach

Canaguinim beach is another south Goa beach that is situated to the south of the Betul beach. The beach has a low wall around it and also has some rocks and a river inlet at the end. It is a sandy and stony beach situated in the Quepem taluka. There are also a number of rooms for rent found here for accommodation.
Near the Canaguinim beach one can find a number of smaller Goan beaches. Before reaching Canaguinim one comes across a beach called Zorint beach that can be reached from a fresh water stream via a small valley situated to the south of a stony plateau. Due to this reason the beach is usually deserted

Cavelossim

Cavelossim one of the last major settlements in southwest Salcete is situated 11 km south of Colva. The beach is the southernmost beach of the Salcete subdivision that is located 7 km south of Varca.

Goa Cavelossim beach is filled with soft white sands and doted with black lava rocks at certain places. This beach is much bigger and cleaner and quieter than most of the famous beaches in Goa because of which it manages to attract many tourists, There are several beach shacks offering a variety of Goan dishes and seafood at reasonable price.

Colva Beach

Colva Beach is on the southern end of Goa’s long, continuous strip of coastline. It is located just 6 km away from the city of Margao. It’s broad and beautiful, has a stream coursing through it and is backed by palms.
The frilly movements of the sea appear as if the sea is lazily enjoying the tickling sensations spread by the waves riding over it. This is how you can describe the sea at the Colva beach. You go to the Colva Beach just to laze, laze and laze. Many choose to go to the Colva beach just to experience a change from the crowded Anjuna beach or the Calangute beach.

Majorda beach

Majorda beach situated in the Salcete taluka is among the southern beaches of Goa. It is a beautiful beach that has a lot of palm groves. Some of the most famous hotels and resorts of Goa are found here and thus it is quite a popular place for a holiday. This south Goa beach also has a number of restaurants and beach shacks that serve up tasty dishes from the cuisine of Goa, Europe and India.

The Mobor beach

The Mobor beach is a beautiful, tranquil and clean beach situated at the south of the Cavelossim beach. It is now one of the most happening and popular holiday destination in Goa and is known to be an ideal location for the adventure tourists.
At the beach in Mobor one can enjoy a lot of water sports like water-skiing, wind-surfing, jet skiing, parasailing and banana boat. Besides this one can also enjoy biking in the sands which seems to be a favourite activity of the tourists coming to Mobor beach.

Patnem beach

Patnem beach in Goa is situated to the southern edge of Colom, south of Palolem. It is a broad beach that has vast stretches of sand with very little shade. The South Goa beach is suitable for swimming as the undertow rarely gets strong.
The Goa Patnem beach is also a secluded beach that is suitable for those seeking a quiet peaceful holiday. There are a number of shacks and camp huts along the shore that serve up some tasty dishes and drinks. Also one of the best restaurants of Patnem is found here.

Museum

Ancestral Goa

Ancestral Goa is situated in Loutolim which is 20minutes drive from Margao and is also called “BIG FOOT”. This is first of its kind in India, an Open air Museum-cum-parkland spread over 9 acres depicting the culture and tradition of rural Goa around 200 years ago, in the form of life size statues and Structures

Goa State Museum

Goa State Museum is located in Panjim, which is the capital city of Goa. This new museum complex, located in the EDC Complex in Patto, was inaugurated by the President of India on June 18th, 1996. Prior to this date, artifacts was set up in the Department of Archives in Goa by the Archeology & Museum unit. Thereafter, a small museum was opened to the public on September 29th, 1977 in a rented building at St. Inez, also in Panjim.
The museum currently has around 8,000 artifacts on display, which include stone sculptures, wooden objects, carvings, bronzes, paintings, manuscripts, rare coins, numismatic collection, and anthropological objects. It is well known among other museums for its collection of Hindu and Jainartifacts and sculptures.

Naval Aviation Museum

India’s one and only Naval Aviation Museum is situated along the Vasco-Bogmalo road barely six kilometres from the port city of Vasco-da-Gama.
This Naval Aviation Museum established in Oct’1998 is the only one of its kind in the whole of Asia. May be perhaps, it has not received the publicity it rightly deserves and hence remained unvisited and unseen by many Goans.
Situated atop a plateau overlooking the wide expanse of the Arabian Sea where from you can get to see the Bogmalo Beach, the Naval Aviation Museum is divided into two sections, one that is out-door in the open air and the other that is housed indoors.

Goa Science Centre

Goa Science Centre has been developed as a place of edu-tainment in Science &Technology. Main objective of the centre is to bring the excitement of science to the common public. It provides a perfect environment for exploring science through hands-on, sci-fi exhibits.Most of the exhibits in Science Centre are participatory and self-explanatory. Visitors can operate, handle or manipulate the exhibits themselves and see exciting effects or things happening in front of their eyes. This centre is a fun-filled, entertaining picnic place for entire family and one of the latest Tourist attraction of Goa and a place to learn science in a non formal way for the students. Goa Science Centre is a constituent unit of National Council of Science Museums functioning under the Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India and has been developed with collaborative support from the Govt of Goa.

Archaeological Museum and Portrait

Archaeological Museum and Portrait Gallery was set up in 1964, NS reorganised in 1981–82. It is run by the Government of India’s Archaeological Survey of India and is situated in the former Portuguese colonial capital of Old Goa, a historic one-time city which now attracts a large number of tourists

Museum of Christian Art

The Christian Art Museum, the first and only one of its kind in Asia, was earlier located at the famous Rachol Seminary at Rachol near the town on Margao. However its relatively remote location had prevented it from being a popular destination for the tourists.

Forts

Compared to Indian standards, Goan forts are very small in size. Nonetheless, these are historic specimen of immense military, political and economic importance in a land crisscrossed by rivers and canals and bordered by sea on the west. The old monuments, now in ruins are mute testimony to the joys and sorrows, and colourful and dark events of a bygone era.
Some are awesome in sheer size like the Ruins of the St. Augustine’s Tower, while others are marvellous pieces of architecture, such as the Gate of the Adil Shah’s Palace at Old Goa.

Fort Tiracol

Fort Tiracol, sometimes known as Terekhol Fort, is a fort in Goa, India. Located on the northern tip of Goa at the mouth of the Tiracol River, Fort Tiracol is reached by a ferry from Querim, 42 km North of Panaji. The name probably originated from the Marathi tir-khol meaning “steep river-bank”. Fort Tiracol was a symbolic location where freedom fighters from Goa demonstrated from time to time.

Fort Aguada

FORT AGUADA :- Fort Aguada and its lighthouse is a well-preserved seventeenth-century Portuguese fort standing in Goa, India, on Sinquerim Beach, overlooking the Arabian Sea. Fort Aguada was the most prized and crucial fort of Portuguese. The fort is so large that it envelops the entire peninsula at the south western tip of Bardez. Built on the mouth of river Mandovi, it was strategically located and was the chief defence of Portuguese against the Dutch and Marathas.

Lariakanta

Chapora Fort, located in Bardez, Goa, rises high above the Chapora River. Before the Portuguese arrived in Goa in 1510, this location was the site of another fort. The fort changed hand several times after Portuguese acquired Bardez. Trying to end the Portuguese rule in Goa, Prince Akbar joined his father’s enemies, the Marathas in 1683 and made this place his base camp. It became the northern outpost of the Old Conquests. After the Portuguese recovered from an encounter with the Marathas, they strengthened their northern defences and provided shelter to the people there.

Chapoli Dam

Chapoli Dam is located 1 km northeast of Chaudi in Canacona. It lies about 40 km from Margao. The dam is located in a picturesque stretches west from the Sahyadris. It makes it an excellent place to take a break, since it is below in the valley between the hills.
For accommodation, there are no facilities at the dam site, however you can find some good hotels, lodges and houses for rent in the city and Palolem Beach Canacona found nearby.
The area around the dam Chapoli is considered a major eco – tourist destination as it is blessed with natural beauty, surrounded by small hills in the background. A large amount of fishing can also be done in these waters for prey. Chapoli Dam water supply to a part of Canacona Taluka.

Alorna Fort

Alorna Fort also known as Halarn fort is one of the oldest forts in Goa. It is situated 30 kilometers from the town of Mapusa. It was constructed by the Bhonsles of Sawantwadi in the 17th century, to defend against the Maratha attacks. From there, one can get a good view of the surrounding river and land.The fort is currently in ruins and filled with wild vegetation

Amthane Dam

The Amthane dam can be found in a wonderful position roughly 20 km from Mapusa. It is not yet designed for visitors and picnickers but is a awesome position to chill out. The dam resources raw water to the encompassing Sanquelim water therapy flower. It is not a big one but has a picturesque perspective of the catchment and Sahyadri variety beyond from the oral cavity of the dam.
The Amthane dam can be frequented by getting the remaining part of the derive from the Assonora link, instead of generating to Bicholim. For housing here one can get an eco hotel in Sal that provides meals and remain.
Other locations to check out consist of the Tilari dam which is about 20 km from Dodamarg in Maharashtra. The stream Chapora also moves nearby

Anjunem Dam

Anjunem dam has a mystic charm of its own. Located in rural Goa, Anjunem dam is counted amongst the most idyllic spots in Goa to take pleasure in the mystical charm and the greenery that surrounds the entire place.The Anjunem dam is situated on the Sanquelim Belgaum highway in the Chorla Ghat. The place is about 10 kilometers away from the Sanquelim town. This dam is positioned in a ‘sylvan valley’ which is formed by the nearness of another peak, called Morlemgad to its south east and below one of Goa’s highest peaks, the Vagheri hill

arvalem caves

Just passing the town of Sanquelim, there is a detour road leading towards Arvalem Caves. These caves from the 6th century, are quite small, with no articulate sculptures or paintings.
The origin of these caves is uncertain, some believing them to be of Buddhist origin, although the presence of lingas does not justify this statement claiming them to be of Brahmin origin.
They are also claimed to be known as the Pandava caves, signifying the reign of Pandavas here during their 12 year exile as described in the Mahabharata. The shafts of the four carved lingas inside the cave resemble to those found at the famous Elephanta and Ellora caves.
The Arvalem caves are very much patterned in the Buddhist cave style, rock cut into laterite stone, with the sanctuary at the northern end and the vihara at the southern end.
The claim of the caves being of Buddhist origin is a justified statement, mainly due to the discovery of a huge Buddha statue nearby and a 4th century Buddha head found in the Mhamai Kamat house now installed in the Goa State museum.

The Basilica of Bom Jesus

The Basilica of Bom Jesus is famous throughout the World. It houses the tomb and the mortal remains of the St. Francis Xavier, the patron saint of Goa. The exterior walls of the Basilica are not plastered. The construction of the Basilica was completed in the year 1605. The facade has elements of Doric, Ionic and Corinthian designs and the pillars and details are carved from basalt. The huge and ornate gilded reredos that stretches from floor to ceiling behind the altar is beautiful. To the right of the Altar is the body of St. Francis Xavier.

Arvalem waterfalls

Set amidst an enchanting landscape, the Arvalem waterfalls is a popular tourist hub in Goa. The Arvalem falls produces a breathtaking spectacle with water tumbling headlong from a height of 50 meter. Even though not on par with the more celebrated Dudhsagar waterfalls, the Arvalem waterfalls are definitely worth a visit.

During the monsoon season, as the plains are lashed by incessant rains, the Arvalem waterfall runs amok with thunderous energy. The otherwise lean stream of the winters metamorphoses into a powerful gush of water cascading down the mountain slopes. After descending down the rocky cliff, the Arvalem waterfall settles in a huge lake at the bottom which is a tempting place for visitors for a refreshing dip

mapusa market

The Mapusa Market captures the local flavours of Goa all in one place. Be it shopping for fresh local produce, sea-food, jewellery, pottery or little knick-knacks, the market has it all. Head here on Fridays for the special Mapusa Friday Bazaar. The entire place comes alive with locals and tourist weaving through the crowd to indulge in some serious shopping. The Friday bazaar is also a great place to explore the local culture and lifestyle of Goa, be it the locals or their warm hospitality towards tourists.

Parasailing Calangute

If you want to get a bird’s eye-view of the Goan coastline and the lofty Western Ghats, para-sailing is the thing for you. A strong 300 feet rope is attached to a speedboat at one end and to a parachute at the other, into which you’ll be carefully and securely harnessed. Once the speedboat takes off from the beach, you’ll be suspended in air through the colourful parachute, with the wind gushing in your ears and the vistas below delighting your eyes. Don’t miss the majestic Fort Aguada if you’re parasailing from Candolim or Sinquerim beaches. The season for parasailing is usually between October and April, when the skies are clear and the winds blow at the just-right speed, though you can parasail at anytime of the year except during monsoons (July to September).

Paragliding at Arambol Beach

Paragliding at Arambol Beach is an experience in iteself. Be a free flying bird! Climb atop a small hill, strap up your harness and thrust yourself in the air, up and away! Paragliding as an adventure sport involves a great rush, as you can have a bird’s eye view of your scenic surroundings just sailing in the air without any support from external factors. Goa is amongst India’s favourite spots for professional gliders all over the world.

Sanguem

Sanguem is the headquarters of the Sanguem taluka in the South Goa district. Sanguem is one of the five talukas that constitute the South Goa district. Sanguem and the adjoining areas were under the reign of the King of Soonda during the 16th century. After the Portuguese invasion, Sanguem, along with Ponda, Canacona and Quepem was merged with the Portuguese territory in 1791.

Although mention of Sanguem does not conjure up the image of a tourist hub, it boasts of a number of attractions. The Dudhsagar falls are the fifth highest waterfall in India and a tourist hotspot for its sylvan surroundings. During the monsoon period the waterfall transforms into a grand spectacle as the Mandovi river cascades down from a height of 310 meters.

mahalaxmi temple

Mahalaxmi is the Goddess of power and strength. She is believed to be an incarnation of ‘Adishakti’-the supreme power and energy. The Shaktas, among the Saraswats, worshipped Adishakti in the form of the linga. Many accept her as Pallavi, their supporting deity, believing that this Goddess of tremendous strength and power was released when the devas and rakshasas were churning the ocean for amrita (nectar). This was popularly know as the Amruthmanthan. The Saraswats, at the time of their arrival in Goa, were worshippers of ‘Shiva-Shakti’. While Shiva was represented by the ‘Linga’, Shakti was a Goddess. Thus Shri Mahalaxmi was their Goddess. This Goddess has been worshipped by the Shilahara rulers (750-1030 A.D.) and the Kadamba Kings of Goa. This peaceful or Satvika form of devi has a unique feature, that she wears linga on her head.

mangeshi temple

Shri Mangesh — also popularly known as Mangireesh or Manguesh — is the Presiding Deity at one of Goa’s most prominent temples. Shri Mangesh is the Kuladevata (family deity) of millions of Hindu GSBs around the world.
The temple of Shri Mangesh is set amidst natural beauty and pleasant surroundings.
Mangeshi, a little village along Goa’s Panaji-Ponda road is not only a point of pilgrimage for the followers of the Lord, it attracts hundreds of tourists from all over India and abroad.

banastari bridge

Banastari Bridge is located within 12 km from Ponda and 16 km from Panaji in Goa. It is also popularly called as Meta Bridge. It is one of the prominent bridges in Goa surrounded by greenish villages nearby. This bridge connects Ponda Taluk and Tiswadi to the Mandovi River. The west side of the bridge is enclosed by the river. It is a very pleasant place to refresh and relieve from all tensions.

Boca De Vaca Spring Goa

Situated next to the Mahalaxmi Temple, the Boca de Vaca Spring is one of the two springs that exist in Panaji Goa. The appearance of this Portuguese – Structure that stays on with a soft light at night decoration literally given a name ‘Boca de Vaca “which means” the face of the cow. ” The floor of the tunnel is well lit and clear glass can be seen spring water that flows beneath their feet. Background music is also there.In the early spring Boca de Vaca was known to be an important source of water supply to the city. However, even today people queue here Panaji use water buckets, as is known to have medicinal properties. It is also used for drinking by people of Panjim

British Cemetery

Goa’s British connection, which dates back over 200 years, is not too well known. In fact, Goa may have slipped out of Portuguese control were it not for the British.

Not many know that the Mormugao port was built by the British and was connected with a railway line going to Goa’s border with Karnataka by the West of India Portuguese Railway Company-owned by the British.

The story is set during the late 18th century when France, Spain, Britain, the Netherlands and others were warring with each other for control of the continent and their colonial possessions.

Cabo da Rama Fort

Located in Canacona taluka Cabo da Rama – Cape Rama -, takes its name from Rama, the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana, who, along with his wife Sita holed up here during his exile from Ayodhya. The promontory was crowned by a fort centuries before the Portuguese cruised in and wrested it from the local Hindu rulers in 1763.

They erected their own citadel soon after, but this now lies in ruins; a crumbling turret still houses a couple of rusty old Portuguese cannons. Until 1955, the bastion housed a prison; now its only habitable building is a lonely government observation post occupied from time to time by a couple of young scientists from the National Institute of Oceanography.

Budbudyanchi Tali

The Budbudyanchi Tali or the bubble lake also known locally as Budbud Talli or Bomadyanchi Talli is located in Netravali in the Sanguem taluka. It is a sacred tank of bubbles attached to the Gopinath temple and appears to be green and very clean.
The Budbudyanchi Tali or the tank of bubbles is well known in Goa as here one can see continuous bubbles rising up to the surface at different spots. There are various legends regarding the origin of these bubbles and according to some it is a miracle of the local deity. However, according to scientists, the bubbles can be caused by sulphur dioxide, carbon dioxide, limestone or methane.

Cabo Raj Niwas (Raj Bhavan)

Built in 1540 AD opposite Fort Aguada on the south headland of the river Mandovi, the Cabo (the Portuguese word for cape) Palace fortress housed the Franciscan monastery, which later (1594 AD) became the official residence of the Governor of Goa.

Holding the most panoramic view one can witness in Goa with the Indian Ocean towards the west, the Bay of the river Mandovi and Fort Aguada on the north and the busy port of Mormugao.

Remaining unhabitated and isolated for centuries, it is believed some human habitation must have been present over here but because of its enclosure in a dense wilderness, no signs of earlier settlements found.

The beauty, solitude and uniqueness and well-planned features are some of the main attractions of the Cabo. A small Chapel was constructed at the very end of the mansion dedicated to Our virgin lady of The cape (Nossa Senhora do Cabo). It also served as a landmark for the seafarers.

Carambolim Lake

The Carambolim Lake is situated approx 2 kms southeast of Old Goa in the Tiswadi taluka. It is excellent place of birding in Goa that supports a large population of herbivorous birds.

Built to facilitate irrigation of the nearby fields, the Carambolim lake is a man made freshwater lake that is situated within walking distance from the Karmali Railway Station. It is a famous bird watching spot in Goa where one can see a lot of species of migratory birds as well as a lot of waterbirds.

Due to the rich ecology at the lake at Carambolim, one can see birds such as waterfowls, egrets, jacanas, moorhens, herons, pintails, open-billed storks, lesser whistling teals, shovelers, garganeys and coots.

Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary

The Bondla wildlife sanctuary is about 50 Kms from Panaji and 38 Kms from Margao and 20 Kms east of Ponda. It is more of a jungle resort with tourist cottages available on site run by the Forest Department.

The common animals that inhabit the sanctuary are the Gaur and the Sambhar deer. It is a popular destination for school picnics. It is closed on Thursdays. There are tour buses that make a stop over at Bondla from Margao and Panaji.

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary

Along the north from Panaji on the road to Belgaum, is a sanctuary that covers 240-sq-kms. Thick forest clad slopes of the Western Ghats that is rich in wildlife and a paradise for bird watchers.
The Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Goan town of Mollem. With a total area of 240 sq kms, this is the largest of Goa’s four protected wildlife areas, and contains within it The Molem National Park.
The sanctuary is situated on the eastern border of Goa, with Karnataka 53 kms away from Panaji and 54 kms away from Margao. It is easily accessible by both road and rail.
Unless you stay for at least a couple of days, it is unlikely that you will catch a glimpse of many of the animals that are sheltered in the sanctuary, including Gaur, Sambar, eopards, Spotted Deer, Slender Toris, Jungle Cats, Malayan Giant Squirrels, Pythons and Cobras.

Mollem National Park

Part of the Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary, this dense forest has deer, langurs, sloth bears, bisons, leopard cats, panthers and more. Birds, butterflies and wild orchids flourish too.
About 755 sq km or about 20 per cent of Goa’s geographical area of 3,702 sq km has been declared a protected forest area. Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest tract, spread across 240 sq km. Notified in 1967, it was first known as the Mollem Game Sanctuary. Following the institution of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, the provision for hunting blocks at Mollem was discontinued and the sanctuary was renamed the Bhagwan Mahavir WLS. An area of 107 sq km was demarcated from within the reserve and christened the Mollem National Park in 1978. In 1982, Tambdi Surla and the surrounding villages of Dhargem and Talade were de-notified and declared as areas that fall outside the sanctuary limits. Traffic on the busy NH4A that runs through the park is a terrible source of disturbance and danger to the animals. The threat of animals being run over by speeding vehicles is one of the more serious problems that conservation efforts here have to tackle. The depletion of the forest cover by activities such as cattle grazing by villagers is also a source of concern for conservationists.

Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary

If one wants to see multi-storeyed forests with tall trees and rare plants, where hardly any light reaches the ground, Cotigao Sanctuary is the place to go to. It touches the border of Karnataka state and in the lean season, several gaurs are known to come into Cotigao from its neighbourhood. The vegetation is mostly moist-deciduous type, interspersed with semi-evergreen and evergreen patches.
It is situated in Canacona Taluka, in the south of Goa. It lies at about 2 km from Poinguinim , which is 10 km away from Chaudi, the main town of Cancacona on NH17. So the approach is very convenient.

The Mhadei Wildlife

The Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Sattari takula in North Goa. It is spread over an area of 208 sq km and is a link between the Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and the Sawantwadi forests in Maharashtra and the Netravali wildlife sanctuary in Eastern Goa.

The Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary together with the Netravali wildlife sanctuary cover an area of 420 sq. km. The sanctuary supports a rich variety of wildlife and covers much of the north-eastern portions of Goa. It is also known to be a bird watcher’s paradise where one can see a lot of species of birds.

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary is very popular forest reserve in Goa among the nature enthusiast and wildlife lovers. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary of Goa is located in the Western Ghats range of the Sanguem Taluka in the Eastern Goa and forms corridor between the Madei Wildlife Sanctuary and the Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary of Goa. This popular wildlife sanctuary occupies an area of 211 sqkm, supporting a very rich and a varied variety of wildlife. The Netravali sanctuary is basically an extremely significant source of fresh water, named after the Netravali or Neturli. This important fresh water source is known to be a tributary of Zuari River.

Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary

The Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary is a bird sanctuary located on western tip of the Island of Chorao along the river Mandovi, Goa, in India. The sanctuary is named after Salim Ali, the eminent Indian ornithologist. Away from the beaches of Goa this is truly a paradise for nature lovers and bird watchers where you can see a variety of species of birds and plants.

Olive Ridley Sea Turtke

Olive Ridley is one of the smallest of sea turtles with adult reaching to 2-2.5 feet in length and weighing 40-55.5 kg. The diet of Olive Ridley includes crabs, shrimps, rock lobsters, jelly fish and tunicates. The female produce up to 100 eggs during nesting. The incubation of eggs takes about 40-50 days and the newly hatched larvae return back to sea after hatching. There has been decline in the population of Olive Ridley due to human activities. This prompted the Indian Government to launch the National Sea Turtle Conservation Project in 1981. The project envisages activities encompassing survey of both onshore and offshore critical habitat assessment, mortality, breeding and strategy to develop turtle friendly solution.

Canacona

Canacona is one of the five talukas that constitute the South Goa district. It is bounded on the north by the taluka of Quepem, on the northeast by Sanguem, on the south by the state of Karnataka, and on the west by the Arabian Sea. The town of Chaudi is the administrative headquarters of the taluka of Canacona.
The name Canacona is a correction of the name Konkan. The area was one of the districts of the former Kingdom of Soonda, itself a remnant of the former Vijayanagara Empire. When Soonda was invaded and partially occupied by Hyder Ali of Mysore, the heirless Raja ceded the remaining parts to Portugal and these were incorporated into Goa as the districts of Quepem, Sanguem and Canacona.

Devils Canyon

Devil’s canyon is one of the important and significant tourist destinations in Goa. Devil’s canyon is also called as “DevacharachoKond” in Konkani. It is a stunning river valley close to Molem. It is located among the picturesque forest where the water flows down and cuts into solid rocks. It is not advised to swim because it is very deep, slippery rocks, and strong undercurrents.

Divar Island

The island of Divar can be reached by a ferry ride on both sides: the ferry on the north side of the island is at Old Goa about 7 kms from Panaji and the ferry on the south side is from Narwe.
The ferries leave quite frequently throughout the day, unless there is inclement weather in the monsoons, so there is hardly any chance of being stranded on the island.
From both ferry crossings, the road passes through picture postcard Goan countryside, full of rice fields and wooded hills, before reaching the village of Piedade.
Piedade, a small, typical Goan village is spread at the bottom of a small forested hillock on which there is the Church of Our Lady of Compassion. Like the island of Chorao, well maintained, elegant Portuguese villas dot the countryside

Dudhsagar Waterfall

The magnificent Dudhsagar Waterfall is perched in the high peaks of the Western Ghats and is a sight to behold especially in the monsoons when it is in full and furious flow. From a distance, the waterfall appears like streams of milk rushing down the mountainside. The exhuberent and spectacular waterfall is located in the Sanguem taluka.
Measuring a mighty 600m from head to foot, this waterfall on the Goa-Karnataka border, attracts a steady stream of visitors from the coast into the rugged Western Ghats. After pouring across the Deccan plateau, the headwaters of the Mandovi River form a foaming torrent that splits into three streams to cascade down a near-vertical cliff face into a deep green pool.

Kuskem Waterfall

The Kuskem waterfall is located in the Canacona taluka in South Goa. It is situated in idyllic Kuskem village at about 20 km from the Cotigao wildlife sanctuary off NH 17.
The waterfall at Kuskem is not very well known like the other waterfalls in Goa such as the Dudhsagar and Harvalem waterfalls. It is best visited only during the rainy season as it dries out during the summers. The water falls from a lofty source leaving a clear leap of milky water.
Kuskem is located at around 12km from Hathipal, the entry point of the Cotigao Wildlife sanctuary. It is an ideal place to unwind and for accommodation one can get the forest department’s eco cottages at the sanctuary. One can also visit an ancient temple nearby which is well worth exploring.

Lamgau Caves

Yet another famous tourist spot which cannot be missed out are the caves at Lamgau. These can be approached in 2 ways.
The first being the road through Lamgau village itself, and a quite strenuous trek along the base of the hill, and the second one being much easier which is the drive through Bicholim on the road towards Mapusa. Following the directions of the Pandava caves, a path through some paddy fields lead to 2 rock cut caves of Buddhist origin.

Panjim Bridge

Panjim which is the main city of Goa is well connected by the parallel bridges. The Panaji bridge also known as the Mandovi bridge connects the Betim village to the Panjim city.
During the 1980’s the Panaji bridge was notorious for its collapses and in order to ferry heavy transport vehicles a new road bridge was constructed. This bridge of Goa is very useful nowdays as earlier the people had to travel to Panjim via the ferry that shuttles between Panjim’s old steamer jetty and the Betim settlement

Naval Aviation Museum

India’s one and only Naval Aviation Museum is situated along the Vasco-Bogmalo road barely six kilometres from the port city of Vasco-da-Gama.
This Naval Aviation Museum established in Oct’1998 is the only one of its kind in the whole of Asia. May be perhaps, it has not received the publicity it rightly deserves and hence remained unvisited and unseen by many Goans.
Situated atop a plateau overlooking the wide expanse of the Arabian Sea where from you can get to see the Bogmalo Beach, the Naval Aviation Museum is divided into two sections, one that is out-door in the open air and the other that is housed indoors.

Patto Bridge

The Patto Bridge is a historic monument built by the Portuguese between the years 1632 – 34. The bridge with its Roman style arches is built of laterite stone. The bridge is the extension of the causeway known as ‘Ponte de Linhares’ that links Ribandar to Panaji and it is about 3.2 kms long. This bridge was originally designed for light traffic of horse driven carriages during the Portuguese era but today it caters to heavy vehicular traffic and is still in good condition. Below is a picture of the Patto bridge.

Pequeno

The Pequeno Island in Goa also known as the Bat Island is located just a kilometer away from Baina beach of Vasco-da-Gama. The island forms a great surprise for those seeking adventures and comprises of a small rocky beach and a small stretch of green.

The Pequeno Island is famous for snorkeling and is considered a perfect destination for the snorkelers. For snorkeling, the training and equipments are provided by the tour organizers and operators. The island provides a very interesting stopover along the Goan coast and can be reached by a 30 minute ride into the sea.

Rivona Caves

The Rivona Caves also known as the Pandava caves are situated in the village of Rivona in South Goa at about 5 km northeast of Ponda. They are considered to be dug in the 6th or 7th century by the Buddhist monks.
At the Buddhist caves at Rivona one can see a “Pitha”, which is carved out of laterite and is believed to have served as the seat of the teacher. The caves are also considered one of the few examples of Buddhist influence visible in Goa today.
The main opening to the caves is next to a small stepped well or tank at the bottom of the rock. This is flanked by a 16th century bas-relief of Hanuman, the Hindu monkey God and leads to the cell on the upper level.
The caves at Rivona are fairly unknown and one may have to ask around a bit to get to the right direction. To get to Rivona however it is quite easy as by road, Rivona is well connected with Quepem and Margao

San Jacinto Island

You can visit Issorcim beach around Bogmalo beach, which is only 11/2 kms away. This beach is completely secluded save for the local villagers, and is particularly good for fishing. Here, plate coral also grows.
About 5 kms from Bogmalo, there is a little lovely island called San Jacinto Island, this is located in the Mormugao bay. It has old houses and a picturesque chapel.

Selaulim Dam

The Selaulim dam lies on the Selaulim river at about 5 km from the Sanguem town. it is Goa’s biggest man-made water storage source that is also a favourite picnic spot for locals.
During the monsoons, the misty outlook of the western ghats against the backdrop of the dam is truly breathtaking. One can spend hours here in its scenic beauty.
For accommodation, an irrigation department rest house and a private resort are located nearby. The tourist department cottages lie unused and there is also a restaurant located in Chinchant

Siolim Bridge

Siolim or Solim is a town on the Chapora river, in north Goa. The Siolim bridge in Goa connecting villages such as Siolim and Chopdem lies 7 kms south of Morjim across the Chapora River.
The bridge is a landmark in the Siolim village from where one can see some great sunset views. One can also sometimes catch glimpses of some festivals celebrated in the village while passing over the bridge. The magnificient church of St. Anthony is situated nearby.

Azad Maidan

It is the small plot in Panjim town, a pavilion in the center presently built and in the middle is the statue of Dr. Tristao de Braganza Cunha, the former Goan Freedom Fighter, He was the ‘Valiant Hero of Goan Fight for Freedom’. Previously during Portuguese in 1847 the State of Afonso Albuquerque made of bronze and two meters tall was built, after conquering various sites in Goa which is now place in Museum at Old Goa. Close to this is one monument dedicated to those who fought to liberate the Goa from Portuguese Rule.

The Statue Of Abbe Faria

The statue of Abbe Jose Custodia Faria, is that of a priest hypnotizing a woman and is located in a small square just near the Secretariat in Panjim. Abbe Faria was born in 1756 in Candolim and his childhood was quite eventful with his parents separated to become priest and nun respectively. He was bestowed priesthood in 1777 at Lisbon after completion of his education at Rome.

He was blamed for hatching a conspiracy to gather support for the Pinto revolts in 1787. He confided with the envoys of Tipu Sultan and French administrators at Paris to work out a strategy in order to end the Portuguese as well as the British reign in India. Failure of the Pinto Revolt compelled him to stay over and participate in the French Revolution in 1795 leading an army of revolutionaries against the atrocities of the National Convention.