The city is nearly 2,500 ft (762 m) above sea level and is the headquarters of Belgaum district, which borders the states of Maharashtra and Goa.
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The name Rakaskop means a village of ‘rakkasa’ or demon who is said to have lived on the hilltop close to the hamlet, which is situated some 16 km from Belgaum. There is a cave made of laterite rocks perched on the hilltop that resembles a big human figure in sitting position.
Although much of the original structure is no longer present, the Belgaum Fort is a monument from the pre-Muslim time. The local rulers of the Ratta Dynasty constructed this fort in the 13th century AD, which was re-built many times by the successive rulers of Belgaum with their own changes.
The Varapoha Falls is located in Jamboti, which is situated 18 km from Khanapur on the west and 20 km from Belgaum on the south-west. Jamboti is mainly known for River Mandovi, which originates from the Jamboti hills and happens to be the longest river in Goa and is surrounded by thick forests on the hilltop.
In 1204, two Bastis or settlements were built inside the walls of the Belgaum Fort, one of which is named Kamala Basti. It was built in the style of the late Chalukyans and this has an idol of Neminatha in black stone. The main highlight of this place is the ‘Mukhamantapa’ which is a lotus carved on the ceiling.
The Kapileshwara Temple is one of the ancient temples of Belgaum. This temple is known as ‘Dakshina Kashi’ as it is said that the pilgrimage to India’s 12 Jyotirlingas remains incomplete without paying a visit to this temple.
The building where Swami Vivekananda stayed for 12 days in 1892 has been gifted by the Government of Karnataka to Ramakrishna Mission in Belgaum.
Kittur Fort and Palace is located in Honnidibba. The fort and palace provides the perfect excuse for history enthusiasts as well as the archaeologists to explore the place. Rani Chennamma, a woman warrior who revolted against the British, was one of the illustrious owners of Kittur Fort and Palace.
On the way to Ramadurga, at a distance of 90 km from Belagum Town, the popular destination of Naviltirtha is situated. This is a valley located between two hills, which is close to Suandatti; about 10 km away.