Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of Travancore in 1750. The city gets its name from the word, Thiru-anantha-puram, meaning the city of Anantha or “the town of Lord ANANTHA”, the abode of the sacred Serpent Anantha on which Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the Hindu trinity, reclines. Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of the state of Kerala is a beautiful seaside city built on seven hills. The city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills with narrow winding lanes and busy commercial alleys.
The houseboats of the Southwestern Indian state of Kerala, known as Kettuvallam, navigate the area’s winding backwaters and offer visitors one of the most relaxing and unique methods of travel to be found in India. Although modern Kettuvallams serve principally as a tourist attraction, these boats have a long history deeply tied to the economy of Kerala.
Anchuthengu, formerly known as Anjengo, is a coastal town near Kadakkavoor in Thiruvananthapuram District of Kerala. This old Portuguese settlement lies between Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram. Literally the word ‘Anjuthengu’ means ‘five coconut palms.’ The whole land is cultivated with coconut trees. The place possesses great archeological and historical importance. In 17th century, the English East India Company selected Anjengo to set up their first trade settlement in Kerala. Queen of Attingal granted the place to the British for trading.
Aruvikkara Dam, located on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram city, is a picturesque picnic spot located on the banks of the Karamana river. Near the Durga Temple here is a stream full of fish that fearlessly come close to the shore to be fed by the visitors. Boating facilities are available at the reservoir.
Aruvippuram is a village in the southern district of Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala. It is famous for the Siva temple established by Sri Narayana Guru. The Guru consecrated the Siva idol in the year 1888. Aruvippuram Sivarathri is a very popular event attended by a large numbers of devotees and followers of Guru. Sivarathri also marks the anniversary of the Aruvippuram Siva temple. Kodithooki Mala is a rocky hill nearby the Aruvippuram Siva temple.
During the regime of His Highness Maharaja Balaramavarma, from 1798 to 1810,handloom weaving was first introduced at Balaramapuram. The Maharaja and his Delava (Chief Minister), Ummini Thampi jointly decided to convert Balaramapuram and its surrounding places into an agro-based industrial belt with various traditional industries by the development of paddy and coconut cultivation, fishing, weaving, and oilextraction. Separate streets with a clustered at identified places, providing a comparatively better infrastructure for development.
Meenmutty and Kombaikani Waterfalls
Meenmutty Falls is located 45 km from Trivandrum city in Thiruvananthapuram District in the state of Kerala, India. This waterfalls is located near the Neyyar reservoir area. No transportation is available to the falls. The visitor has to trek through the dense forests to reach the falls. The Kombaikani waterfalls is also near to Meenmutti. It is 2 km upstream the Meenmutti falls. This waterfalls is on the trek path to Agastyakoodam. There is a forest rest house near the falls. To visit the falls permission from the forest department is required. A guide is sent along with you to the falls.
The Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary of which the dam is a part is the habitat of over a hundred species of fauna including Asian Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Slender Loris and reptiles like King Cobra, Travancore Tortoise, etc. A crocodile breeding centre and a lion safari park are also located in the dam site.
Neyyattinkara, one of the four taluks in Thiruvananthapuram district is the southern most part of the district as well as the state of Kerala. Taluk head quarters is Neyyattinkara town on the banks of the river Neyyar.One of the main attractions in the town is the historic temple of Lord Krishna wherein the remnants of renowned ” Ammachi plavu”closely connected to the eventful history of Travancore and its glorified King Marthandavarma, is preserved.
The forests of Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary constitute the catchment of Peppara dam constructed across Karamana river and commissioned during 1983 to augment drinking water supply to Thiruvananthapuram city and suburban areas. Considering the ecological significance of the area, it was declared as sanctuary during 1983. The area was formerly a part of Paruthippally range of Thiruvananthapuram Territorial Division.
Ponmudi (Malayalam is a hill station in theThiruvananthapuram district of Kerala in India. Its located 61 km north-east ofTrivandrum city at an altitude of 1100 m. It is a part of the Western Ghats mountain range that runs parallel to the Arabian Sea.
Ponmudi is blessed with scenic splendor and natural beauty, Ponmudi has a carpet of thick tropical forest that rolls down to the foot of the hill range. No doubt, the salubrious atmosphere and the twisted trails across clear streams must have contributed to her health.
Poovar is a small coastal village in the Trivandrum district of Kerala state, South India. This village is almost at the southern tip of Trivandrum and there is only one last villagePozhiyoor which mark the end of kerala. This village has a beautiful beach which attracts tourists. There are also some good tourist resorts.
Sarkara Devi temple at Chirayinkeezhu is one of the major pilgrim destinations in south India. It is situated south of the Chirayinkeezhu Taluk. The main deity of the temple is Goddess Bhadrakali. The idol is installed facing the north. Centuries ago this place was less populated and desolate. Once, a group of molasses merchants from Ambalappuzha visited this place for their business. They saw a wayside shelter here and decided to relax for sometime. When they decided to continue the journey they found that one of their molasses pots not moving. As they tried to pull it by force the pot broke apart and the molasses flowed and there appeared an idol. Later an old lady who came there to clean the shelter found the idol and informed others. The villagers constructed a temple and consecrated the idol there. Since the goddess came from Sarkara (Malayalam word for Molasses) she was called by the name Sarkara Devi. Kaliyoot and Meenabharani are the popular festivals conducted in Sarkara Devi Temple.
Varkala, a calm and quiet hamlet, lies on the outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram district. It has several places of tourist interests like a beautiful beach, a 2000-year-old Vishnu Temple and the Ashramam – Sivagiri Mutt a little distance from the beach.
The Papanasam beach (also called as Varkala beach), which is ten kilometers away from Varkala, is renowned for the natural spring. It is considered to have medicinal and curative properties. A dip in the holy waters at this beach is believed to purge the body of impurities and the soul of all sins; hence the name ‘Papanasam beach’.
Vizhinjam Marine Aquarium
Located near the Theatre Junction at Vizhinjam in Thiruvananthapuram, this aquarium houses a rich treasure of marine wealth which has perfected the Image Pearl production technique, by which a mould of any shape, made of shell cement is implanted into the pearl oyster. In two to three months, a pearl in the shape of the mould will be ready.